Last Thursday (14 November) was World Diabetes Day, the world’s largest diabetes awareness campaign—and one that draws attention to issues of importance to the diabetes world, such as the link between diabetes and periodontal (gum) disease.
In general, people with diabetes have an increased risk of developing periodontal disease, and treatment of periodontal disease often improves blood glucose levels.
In a study published earlier this year in The Lancet: Diabetes & Endocrinology, it was suggested that regular dental check-ups and treatment of periodontitis may contribute to effective management of type 2 diabetes.
The study included 264 people from the UK who all had type 2 diabetes and periodontitis. About half of the participants received control periodontal treatment (CPT) every three months for a year.
The other participants received intensive periodontal treatment (IPT), a more complete and involved level of periodontal care, just as often as the CPT group.
After 12 months, IPT significantly reduced average blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes and moderate-to-severe periodontitis.